Green Banana Recipe - Aratikaya Kura

Green Banana Recipe (Aratikaya Kura)

Updated: May 8, 2024, By Swasthi, Comments, Jump to Recipe

This Green Banana dish goes by the name Aratikaya Kura and is a staple from the Andhra cuisine, India. Boiled unripe green bananas are stir fried with aromatics like onions, ginger, garlic, green chili peppers, curry leaves and tempering spices. The finished dish is delicious with the heat coming in from the chilies and tang from the lemon juice.

Green Banana Recipe - Aratikaya Kura

Traditionally it is eaten as a side in an Andhra meal, with rice, rasam or sambar. But it also goes well with lemon rice, ghee rice or chapati/roti. This dish is a part of the festive and celebration meals and a lot of times made without onions and garlic. For those new to the South Indian cuisine or the green bananas, here is a little about them.

Green Bananas are different from the regular bananas that are eaten ripe. These are also known as cooking bananas and are somewhat like plantains but are shorter. These are not eaten as a fruit after ripening but eaten as a vegetable after cooking. In India they are known as raw bananas and it would be a misnomer. Green Banana are often used to make curries, stew, stir fry dishes and fritters known as Aratikaya Bajji.

About this Green Banana Recipe

In this post I share my Mom’s traditional recipe to make Aratikaya Kura. I also have this spicier Banana Curry made with garam masala and tomatoes. That’s a completely different kind of dish. The recipe shared in this post is made somewhat similar to the Aloo Masala we make for dosa. It is made with minimal spices like green chili and ginger (no red chili powder) but tastes fantastic.

However on occasions I also make the same dish with red chili powder and coriander powder. It turns out like seen in the picture below. If you do not fancy the yellow color in your dish, simply use coriander powder and red chili powder.

Green Banana Stir Fry

To begin with green bananas are boiled but they can be roasted in oven, air fryer or on the charcoal grill. For ease of cooking I have boiled them whole in a pot without peeling. This cuts down the task of peeling and chopping them. However boiling the whole banana with the skin, can leave a sticky residue in your pot and that requires a proper scrubbing. So sometimes I bake them whole in the oven.

The boiling time or the bake time depends on the size/age of the green banana. Mature bananas take longer while the young and tender ones can be peeled and chopped to cook directly in the tempering with little water. There are numerous ways to cook with green bananas. Another way is to chop and boil them al dente in water. Add them to the tempering and roast for a few minutes in the same pan.

Whatever method you follow to prep up the bananas you can still use this recipe for the tempering and finishing.

Step by step Photo Instructions

1. Wash green bananas under running water. Cut off both the ends and add them to a pot of water. Bring water to a rolling boil on a high heat and reduce the flame to medium. Boil until the skin discolors and the inside becomes tender. To check poke it with a knife or a fork, if done it goes in without any resistance. If it is slightly under cooked it’s still okay. Alternately they can be grilled on charcoal or in the oven on broil mode.

boiling green bananas

2. Remove the banana from hot water and cool down. You will be able to easily peel them. Cube them or mash them gently as per your preference.

peel boiled green bananas

3. Heat oil in a pan and add mustard seeds, cumin, urad dal and chana dal. When the lentils turn golden and aromatic, add curry leaves and ginger. Saute until the ginger begins to smell good, for about a minute. Add hing/asafetida if you want.

addition of tempering

4. Add onions and slit green chilies. Saute until the onions turn transparent. Stir in turmeric and salt. I was making this for the kids, so had to cut down the green chilies. But note that the heat comes from green chilies alone so use as many as you prefer. If you want to use red chili powder (half teaspoon) and coriander powder (1 tsp), add them now.

frying onions

5. Add banana.

addition of boiled aratikaya

6. Stir well. Cover and cook on a low flame for 5 to 6 minutes. If the banana is under cooked, sprinkle little water and let cook until fully done.

covered cooking

7. If you want you may use black pepper at this stage. Taste test and add salt before turning off. Sprinkle lemon juice and coriander leaves.

coriander leaves and lemon juice

Serve Aratikaya kura with rice, ghee, rasam and sambar.

Green Banana Recipe - Aratikaya Kura

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Recipe Card

green banana recipe - aratikaya kura

Green Banana Recipe (Aratikaya Kura)

4.86 from 14 votes
Make this delicious stir fried dish of green bananas with spices and herbs. It goes well with rice alongside rasam or sambar or with chapati.
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For best results follow the step-by-step photos above the recipe card

Prep Time2 minutes
Cook Time25 minutes
Total Time27 minutes

Ingredients (US cup = 240ml )

  • 2 green bananas / plantains
  • 1 sprig curry leaves
  • 1 to 1½ teaspoon ginger grated
  • ½ tablespoon urad dal (skinned split black dal)
  • ¾ tablespoon chana dal (Bengal gram dal/ skinned split chickpeas)
  • ½ teaspoon mustard seeds
  • ½ teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 1 pinch hing / asafoetida
  • 1 medium onions thinly sliced
  • 2 green chilies slit or chopped (or black pepper)
  • ¼ teaspoon turmeric
  • ½ teaspoon salt (adjust to taste)
  • 1 to 2 tablespoons coriander leaves chopped finely
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice (more if you want)


  • Prep up the Green Banana: Rinse and cut the stem of the raw banana and boil in a pot of water till fork tender. Cool down and peel the skin. Chop to bite sized pieces or crumble them.
  • Temper the spices: Heat oil in a pan and add mustard seeds, cumin seeds, chana dal and urad dal. Let fry until golden and aromatic. Add the curry leaves and ginger. Saute for a minute.
  • Stir in the hing, onions and green chilies. Saute until transparent. Add salt, turmeric and the cooked banana. Mix well and saute for 2 to 3 mins.
  • Cover and cook on a low flame for 4 to 5 minutes. If the banana is still under cooked, add a splash of water and cook until fully tender. Taste test and adjust salt to taste. If you want it hot, add some black pepper. Turn off and squeeze some lemon juice.
  • Garnish aratikaya kura with corinader leaves. Serve with hot rice, ghee and rasam or sambar.


  • Urad dal and chana dal will remain crunchy and that’s how they should be. If you are new to South Indian cuisine you may not like it. So omit them or soak in hot water for 15 mins, drain and pat dry before using.
  • Most of the heat comes from the green chilies. So use as manay as needed. You can add chili powder and coriander powder to the tempering along with turmeric and salt.

Alternative quantities provided in the recipe card are for 1x only, original recipe.

For best results follow my detailed step-by-step photo instructions and tips above the recipe card.

NUTRITION INFO (estimation only)

Nutrition Facts
Green Banana Recipe (Aratikaya Kura)
Amount Per Serving
Calories 140
% Daily Value*
Sodium 50mg2%
Potassium 508mg15%
Carbohydrates 34g11%
Fiber 4g17%
Sugar 15g17%
Protein 2g4%
Vitamin A 1030IU21%
Vitamin C 29.9mg36%
Calcium 9mg1%
Iron 1.1mg6%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.
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Green Banana Recipe (Aratikaya Kura)

About Swasthi

I’m Swasthi Shreekanth, the recipe developer, food photographer & food writer behind Swasthi’s Recipes. My aim is to help you cook great Indian food with my time-tested recipes. After 2 decades of experience in practical Indian cooking I started this blog to help people cook better & more often at home. Whether you are a novice or an experienced cook I am sure Swasthi’s Recipes will assist you to enhance your cooking skills. More about me

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4 stars
Appears to be good.
I will have to try the preparation

5 stars
hi this bhavya from banagalore really its very tasty

5 stars
Hi there..
I just did this plantain recipe. It was easy to do and came out yummy!


Is this really Raw or cooked? I am not sure what is the raw. Please explain.

4 stars
A good recipe; I liked this raw banana curry. This recipe works with broccoli, too.

5 stars
This style of preparation is new and looks so good tasty and yummy dear