Adai recipe – Adai is a healthy, protein rich & nutrient dense Breakfast made of mixed lentils & spices. It is one of the most commonly eaten foods from Tamil cuisine. Adai tastes delicious and is mostly served with a chutney. Adai dosa can be made thick or thin, soft or crisp all to suit your taste.
To make adai dosa recipe, mixed dal/ lentils like chana dal, toor dal, moong and urad dal are used along with rice. Similar to the plain dosa recipe, each family has their own proportion of dals and rice.
The flavor and taste of the adai depends on the proportions used. In this post, I am sharing the ratios I usually follow to make this.
How to make adai recipe?
All the lentils and rice are soaked first for at least 2 to 3 hours. Then blended to a slightly coarse batter and allowed to rest for 2 to 4 hours. However adai comes out good even without resting.
The batter is not fermented but resting helps to enhance the flavor.
I usually soak, blend, rest and then keep the batter in the fridge the previous night to prepare the next morning’s breakfast. Sometimes I also soak them the previous night (for 8 hours), blend them in the morning & use the batter directly without resting.
The adai batter is then poured over a greased tawa and spread to a slightly thick dosa.
You many like this collection of Dosa recipes.
Ingredients (1 cup = 240ml )
Ingredients for adai recipe
- ¾ cup rice (idly rice or short grain parboiled rice like sona masuri or ponni)
- ¼ cup chana dal or split skinned bengal gram
- ¼ cup toor dal or split skinned pigeon peas
- 2 tbsps moong dal or split skinned green gram
- 2 tbsps urad dal or split skinned black gram
- ¾ to 1 inch ginger
- 4 to 5 red chilies (l use less spicy variety, use as desired)
- ¾ to 1 tsp jeera
- 1/8 tsp Hing or asafoetida
- ½ tsp Salt as needed
- Water as needed to make batter
- 2 tbsp Oil or ghee as needed
- 1 small onion finely chopped
- 2 tbsp coriander leaves finely chopped
How to make the recipe
Preparation for adai recipe
- Add all the lentils or dals – chana, toor, urad and moong dal to a large pot. Wash them very well 3 times.
- Pour enough water and soak them for 2 to 3 hours.
- You can also leave them overnight for 8 hours.
- Add rice to another large pot and wash 3 times.
- Same this one too you can leave the rice overnight for 8 hours.
- Next add red chilies to the rice and soak them for 2 to 3 hours.
- Drain the water from both the pots.
Making adai batter
- Add rice and red chilies to a blender jar along with little water. Blend to a slightly coarse paste or thick batter.
- Transfer the batter to a pot.
- Add dals, jeera and ginger to the jar. Also add little water and blend to a slightly coarse thick batter.
- Mix this with the rice batter. Allow to rest for 2 to 4 hours. You can also skip resting.
How to make adai dosa
- Heat a pan. Add few drops of oil and smear it all over the pan with a tissue.
- While the pan heats, add chopped onions, salt, hing, coriander leaves to the batter.
- Mix everything well.
- If you prefer to make thick adai, the consistency of the batter must be thick but of spreading consistency.
- If you prefer thin adai, then add more water as needed.
- Mix well to bring the consistency to a slightly less thick batter, not runny.
- The batter must be easily spreadable on the pan.
- Regulate the flame to medium. Make sure the pan is hot.
- Pour one ladle of batter and spread it quickly like a dosa. Spread it to thick or thin adai as per your liking.
- Add 1/2 tsp oil or ghee across the edges. Cook on a medium heat.
- When it gets cooked on one side, the edges loosen from the pan slightly. Flip it and cook on the other side as well. Make sure it is cooked on both the sides until crisp.
- Serve adai dosa with coconut chutney or any other chutney.
NUTRITION (estimation only)
If you are a beginner or new to Indian cooking, I highly suggest you to check the supporting step by step photos for best results. Step by step photos with description available below after the recipe card.
1. Firstly add rice to a large pot or utensil and wash at least 3 times. Add fresh water and soak for at least 3 to 4 hours.
2. Remove the stalks of the red chilies & add them to the rice.
3. Next add all the lentils to another pot. Wash them well and soak in enough water for at least 3 to 4 hours.
4. Drain water and add rice, red chilies, ginger and jeera to a blender jar. Also pour little water to make a thick and slightly coarse batter.
Making batter for adai dosa
5. Make sure all the rice grains are crushed. If your blender jar is not big enough transfer the batter to a large utensil.
6. Drain water from the dal and add it to the blender jar. Then pour little water enough to make a batter.
7. Blend to a slightly coarse & thick batter.
8. Transfer adai batter to the batter bowl. Mix well if you have kept the rice batter aside. Cover and rest for 2 to 4 hours. You can also make the adai right away. I feel resting the batter brings a good aroma and taste.
9. Add coriander leaves, hing, onions and salt. Do not add lot of onions it becomes difficult to spread the adai batter.
10. Mix everything well. You can add water to bring the batter to consistency. To make crisp and thin adai dosa, the consistency must be slightly thin but not very runny. To make thick once you can keep the batter slightly thick.
But traditionally adai is made slightly thick. However it is a personal choice.
How to make adai dosa
11. Grease a pan with little oil and heat it. The pan must be just hot enough and not very hot otherwise it is difficult to spread the batter.
If you are not using a non stick pan, then grease the tawa well and rub it with a cut onion. This prevents the adai from sticking to the pan. Pour the batter in the center of the pan.
12. Spread the batter quickly to a dosa, thick or thin to suit your liking. Add ghee or oil as desired. When it is cooked, the edges loosen from the pan.
13. Flip and cook on the other side. Flip again and fry till the adai turns crisp.
Adai is best served hot with chutney. You can refrigerate the left over adai batter and use up in the next 2 days.